A pragmatist approach to transdisciplinarity in sustainability research: from complex systems theory to reflexive science. Exploring agency beyond humans: the compatibility of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and resilience thinking. I: A social turn for resilience? Re-conceptualizing the Anthropocene: a call for collaboration. The paper by Apgar et al. Others have assumed that these sciences have a great deal to contribute to a better society and that they need only to be force-fed (the recommended diet varies from prescriber to prescriber) in order to grow faster and to make their contribution larger. Ecology and Society 19(3): 28. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06805-190328, Evans, J. P. 2011. Resilience thinking meets social theory: situating social change in socio-ecological systems (SES) research. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1400217, Olsson, P., M.-L. Moore, F. R. Westley, and D. D. P. McCarthy. Mainstreaming the social sciences in conservation. Ecology and Society 22(2): 31. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-09310-220231, Phelan, L., A. Henderson-Sellers, and R. Taplin. Ecology and Society 21(1): 21. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-07966-210121, Bousquet, F., A. Botta, L. Alinovi, O. Barreteau, D. Bossio, K. Brown, P. Caron, M. D’Errico, F. DeClerck, H. Dessard, E. Enfors, Kautsky, C. Fabricius, C. Folke, L. Fortmann, B. Hubert, D. Magda, R. Mathevet, R. B. Norgaard, A. Quinlan, and C. Staver. Agrarian change theory, through its focus on indepth empirical case studies that look at the situated intricacies of local agency and social relationships of power and control, “opens up questions of material power and control over the environment that contrast with the questions of risk, vulnerability, and uncertainty that resilience thinking examines through coupled social-ecological systems.” Sociotechnical transition theory focuses on understanding processes of change in terms of innovation in sociotechnical networks. Bush and Marschke’s (2014) blend of a long-established theoretical framework (agrarian change theory) with a more recent perspective (sociotechnical theory) articulates previously understudied aspects (situated and political aspects of change processes and the role of sociotechnical networks in fostering innovation for sustainability) of social change dynamics in social-ecological transitions. Goldstein, B., editor. In providing multiple understandings of how power is expressed, they highlight the importance of integrating more nuanced analytical lenses if social-ecological resilience is to effectively contribute to a more socially just and desired future. World social science report 2013: changing global environments. 2008. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Three papers in the Special Feature highlight the value these approaches, and the data generated through their application, to building more robust and inclusive social-ecological resilience framings and practices as a result of incorporating different perspectives, values, and knowledge systems. Learning as you journey: Anishinaabe perception of social-ecological environments and adaptive learning. One way forward is to continue the crossfertilization of scientific thinking and methods. http://dx.doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.006, Bennett, N. J., R. Roth, S. C. Klain, K. M. A. Chan, D. A. Clark, G. Cullman, G. Epstein, M. P. Nelson, R. Stedman, T. L. Teel, R. E. W. Thomas, C. Wyborn, D. Curran, A. Greenberg, J. Sandlos, and D. Veríssimo. The role social science can play in informing viable future trajectories is not only often misunderstood by scholars who sit outside those fields (Bennett et al. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9322-3_4, Law, J., and J. Urry. Social science covers a broad range of disciplines. Global environmental change. Incorporating descriptive and analytical research to improve understanding of the human and social dimensions that influence the functioning and sustainability of Earth systems remains vital. Underpinning reflexive transdisciplinary approaches are collective processes of problem framing and solutions, interrogation of normative assumptions, pluralism, experimentation, and learning (Fazey et al. They also demonstrate the value of inductive, qualitative research methods—sparingly used in social-ecological resilience research—can provide rigorous scientific insights. Ecology and Society 19(4): 54. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-06966-190454, Olsson, L., A. Jerneck, H. Thoren, J. Persson, and D. O'Byrne. Ecology and Society 22(2): 8. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-09145-220208, Brown, K., and E. Westaway. Issues of power and inequity have been longstanding and central foci of social science research and scholarship. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2014.02.002, Rathwell, K. J., and D. Armitage. Growing attention is thus being focused on social-ecological resilience. 2014. The process of domestication of fire thousands of years ago is provided as an example of how hominids used fire as a source of power that irreversibly restructured the way humans relate to their environments and to each other. One of particular interest in this lesson is applied anthropology. 2015. Otherwise, this, they maintain, risks social theory and concepts being “naturalized” to fit into resilience thinking. Agency, capacity, and resilience to environmental change: lessons from human development, well-being, and disasters. USA.gov. The framework bridges social and ecological understandings of transformation and outlines the processes and phases of transformative change in an SES. They demonstrate how we can gain a better understanding of these interlinkages and interdependencies, at particular points in time and places, and how this understanding can help inform actions for transformational change toward more resilient social-ecological systems (SESs). Social science concepts, theories, and methods potentially are relevant to all aspects of reproductive behavior, including actual fertility, proximate variables, and desired family size. Women in Science, an overview of women’s contributions to the field as well as the obstacles faced, as intelligence alone has rarely been enough to guarantee women a role in science. 2016, Olsson et al. A conceptual framework for the social analysis of reproductive health. Field, C. B., V. R. Barros, D. J. Dokken, K. J. Mach, M. D. Mastrandrea, T. E. Bilir, M. Chatterjee, K. L. Ebi, Y. O. Estrada, R. C. Genova, B. Girma, E. S. Kissel, A. N. Levy, S. MacCracken, P. R. Mastrandrea, and L. L. White, editors. 2013 Jun;13(2):415-22. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v13i2.31. 2016) and related publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-052610-092905. Although these papers are exploratory (particularly the first two) they reveal that, despite significantly different epistemological and ontological foundations, “hybrid” perspectives and social-ecological resilience thinking can be brought together into constructive dialogs that yield new and creative insights and lines of inquiry. They show how longstanding social and cultural processes have created enabling conditions that have fostered the Guna people’s adaptive and transformational capacity. Trace the history of women in science and learn about such notable scientists as Hypatia, Marie Curie, and Rosalind Franklin. 2015. Bjordam, T. 2012. 2003. The role of civil society and social movements Civil society organisations (CSOs) can provide both immediate relief and longer-term transformative change – by defending collective interests and increasing accountability; providing solidarity mechanisms and promoting participation; influencing decision making; directly engaging in service delivery; and challenging prejudice. Pages 59–76 in H. Greschke and J. Tischler, editors. The main premise that underpins the collection of papers in the Special Feature is that enriching this engagement across disciplines necessitates transcending traditional approaches to integration, which tacitly give the social sciences a “service” role, i.e., “being allowed to observe what they do but not disturb it” (Viseu 2015). Other papers challenge us to consider perspectives on change that, at first glance, do not seem to be compatible with social-ecological resilience. 2009. We discuss some of the key insights that emerge from the papers and reflect on the future of social science and broader crossdisciplinary contributions in the field. eCollection 2013 Mar. With regard to internal social science debates and concerns raised by social scientists concerning social-ecological resilience concepts and applications, the sharing of discordances and dissensions provides a way for the social sciences to play a disruptive and generative role that can contribute to new ways of thinking about resilience and innovative actions toward a more sustainable future. [online] URL: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002246/224677e.pdf, Krauss, W. 2015. Society and Natural Resources 26:30–43. She demonstrates how materio-spatial world systems analysis offers the potential to enrich resilience analyses of global environmental change, global governance and stewardship, planetary boundaries, and multiscale resilience. Critical transitions (the movie). As we are confronted with mounting evidence of the profound and potentially irreversible impacts of human activities on the planet—encapsulated in the notion of the Anthropocene—the need to engage across a range of ways of knowing and doing becomes increasingly urgent. Thus, providing space for constructively exploring divergent perspectives, tensions, and discordances—as well as a willingness to be reflexive—is integral to furthering a fruitful engagement between the social sciences (and other bodies of knowledge) and social-ecological resilience research. Émile Durkheim was a French sociologist whose major contribution was establishing sociology as a major science. | NIH Culture and population: a theoretical perspective. Social science research has made important contributions to population policy and to the effectiveness of family planning programs. Researchers and practitioners engaging with social-ecological resilience ideas and practices have long recognized the role sociocultural processes (e.g., arts festivals, indigenous rituals) and knowledge (e.g., traditional ecological knowledge) play in shaping SESs and contributing to resilience (Berkes and Folke 1998, Davidson-Hunt and Berkes 2003, Folke 2004, Moller et al. Its main purpose is to bring together those interested in understanding science, technology, and medicine, including the way they develop and interact with their social contexts. This article is under a. part a: global and sectoral aspects. Others have been sceptical of the constructive potential of engaging with certain theoretical strands within the social sciences, such as critical theory and postmodernist approaches. Today is the branch of science and traditional ecological knowledge: monitoring populations for.. 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